A Red Emerald Bibliography
This page is intended to serve as a link resource, assisting with access to more published Red Emerald information than any other location online.
Additional articles, links and information do exist, but the following digital pathways are intended to review ground covered in this blog so far. I will periodically update this page as additional topics are discussed and new references are revealed.
Sources are listed chronologically, so a review of information is also a review of history. Commentary regarding the significance of these discoveries in their respective time periods is provided.
A photo of each publication is appended whenever available, along with an embedded hyperlink to a digital copy of the written work whenever possible.
Hillebrand, W. F. Red beryl from Utah, American Journal of Science, Volume 4, pp. 330-311 - 1905
Following Maynard Bixby's discovery of these crystals in the Thomas Mountain Range of Utah, they were sent to the National College in Washington, DC for identification. W.F. Hillebrand scientifically classified the material by a MINERAL NAME -- RED BERYL.
Dr. Eppler published the second study of this mineral in his encyclopedic work, which described a vast number of varieties. To honor its discoverer, this German mineralogist was the first to suggest a VARIETAL NAME -- BIXBITE.
More than half a century would pass before another mineralogical study would be conducted.
Appearing in print less than ten years after the discovery of a red variety in the emerald species was the first reference to a COMMON NAME -- RED EMERALD.
While prospecting for uranium in 1958, Lamar Hodges stumbled upon a new red beryl deposit in the Wah-Wah Mountains where gem-quality stones could be recovered. Ten years after the discovery of facet-grade crystals for a red variety in the emerald species, Wood & Nassau published an extensive study on this variety.
Holfert, John. A Field Guide to Topaz and Associated Minerals of Topaz Mountain, Utah, Self-Published - 1978
By the early 1970s, the Harris family had not only taken over the rights to the claims, but also brought small-scale mechanization to the mine site. Previous operations were recreational and limited to hand-tools. Increased production allowed the first mineral specimens to appear on the market.
Ream and Holfert conducted significant independent investigations into each of the two primary localities.
Production rose to 1,500 carats per year in the 1980s, and finally enough material had been collected to begin making detailed observations regarding the nature of these gemstones. James Shigley, the long-time Head of Research at the Gemological Institute of America, published the first comprehensive study cataloging the characteristics of gem-quality material.
As samples began to be supplied to the market in earnest, more and more mineral fans marveled and speculated on the peculiar set of circumstances which must have occurred to form these legendary crystals.
Chemex Labs. Red Beryl Sample Analysis: A9417286, Kennecott Exploration Company - June 10, 1994
Rohtert, William R. Internal Memo: Experimental Technologies, Kennecott Exploration Company - May 31, 1995
Foord, Eugene. Geology, Mineralogy and Paragenesis of the Ruby Violet Red Beryl Deposit, Southern Wah-Wah Mountains, Beaver County, Utah, Kennecott Exploration Company - February 21, 1996
Rohtert, William R. Internal Memo: Synthetic Red Beryl from Russia, Kennecott Exploration Company - August 14, 1995
Rohtert, William R. Gemological Institute of America Correspondence: Donation of a 1.54 carat Synthetic Red Beryl, Kennecott Exploration Company - March 21, 1996
Rohtert, William R. Internal Memo: Historic Production from the Ruby Violet Mine, Kennecott Exploration Company - December 12, 1996
Monthly Production Summary of Actual Cut Stones. Weight Distribution Table by Size, Kennecott Exploration Company - January 13, 1997
Austin, Gordon T. Red Beryl Resource and Cost Estimates, Gemstone Mining Incorporated - January 8, 1998
Strauss, Connor. Initial Cutting Report, Gemstone Mining Incorporated - April 27, 1998
The Kennecott Mining Company began activity on the Ruby-Violet claims in 1994, and processed over 7,000 tons of material in a single year before selling their entire interest to Gemstone Mining, Incorporated (GMI).
The preceding entries marked in Blue were financed through corporate research and never made available to the public. A copy of these files has been purchased and archived for posterity.
GMI oversaw the first organized effort increase consumer awareness of the Red Emerald, focusing their efforts on educating dealers. Marketers spread information throughout the industry until 2001, when the company's high-risk financing schemes failed and the organization declared bankruptcy without selling any product.
Thompson, Timothy. A Model for the Origin of Red Beryl in Topaz Rhyolite, Wah-Wah Mountains, Utah, USA, Brigham Young University - August 2002
Two comprehensive reports on this mineral variety were published using a portion of the information remaining from corporate projects.
Red Beryl: Rarest Gemstone in the World, National Jeweler's Association - 2006
Even in the absence of marketing and promotion of the gem, continued comparisons were made with the green. As consumer awareness began to trickle down from experts in the trade, many began to recognize this variety for what it truly is -- a rare color variant of the Emerald.
I learned of the Red Emerald on 2 June 2013 and began reading every article I could. Antoinette Matlins is the most-published gemstone consumer advocate in the world. She was a Professional Gemologist who provided gemological justifications supporting use of the Red Emerald name.
An overwhelming number of additional expert advocates also exist.
These last entries mark our first contributions to this world of information, and we will continue to show the world everything the Red Emerald has to offer!
Although 100 years of Red Emerald history is all we have so far, never fear, for I assure you: this is only the beginning!
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